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"Form," writes the author, "is developed by means of light and shade; without these every object would appear flat." Originally published in the mid-nineteenth century, this classic approach to three-dimensional drawing was the first book to provide art students with instructions for correctly illustrating perspective outlines of various objects.
As humans ventured into the twentieth century, the industrialized countries were confronted with the scourge of rickets. Although solariums were becoming common in the early 1900s and phototherapy was gaining popularity as a result of the awarding of a Nobel Prize to Finsen in 1903, it wasn't until 1921 when Hess and Unger demonstrated that rickets could be cured by exposure to sunlight that the healthful benefit of sun exposure appreciated. In 1941, Apperly (Cancer Research; 1: 191-195, 1941) noted that the occasional increased risk of skin cancer was associated with a decreased risk of many other more common and serious cancers. The alarming increase in the number of cases of skin cancer, especially melanoma, has caused great concern about the negative role of sunlight in health. The Sixth International Arnold Rikli Symposium on the Biologic Effects of Light was held in Boston, Massachusetts from June 16th - 18th, 2001. The goal of this Symposium was to focus on the very popular practice of tanning either by sunlight or by artificial light sources and the overall impact this practice has on health and disease. The program was organized by members of the Scientific Advisory Committee and my co-chair emeritus, Professor Ernst G. Jung. The Program Committee organized an outstanding state-of-the-art program that was enthusiastically received by the participants.
New lighting best practices, from a design-research collaboration
Evidence-Based Lighting Design explores how light affects human health and well-being, and provides real-world examples and guidelines for designers. Written by internationally recognized and award-winning lighting experts, the book combines design theory and scientific research to establish best practices for lighting design. Contributions by prominent medical and scientific researchers provide real evidence validating the long-held assumption that design impacts the users of the space, and the book expands upon the research to provide an accessible, easy-to-read guide to the theory, concepts, and practice of evidence-based lighting design.
Evidence-based design is a research-based approach designers use to understand how the built environment influences behavior. When applied to lighting, the evidence was made clear when the American Medical Association announced that lighting does indeed affect human well-being. The recent integration of scientific evidence into lighting design has become a top priority for lighting designers, and Evidence-Based Lighting Design is the first comprehensive reference in the field. The book discusses the results of research, and offers advice on incorporating these new guidelines into the design process. Topics include:
The book includes case studies that illustrate the real-life impact of lighting, exploring aspects like artificial environments, clinical environments, and the effects of light on plants and animals. The guidelines that result represent the collaboration of designers and researchers, making Evidence-Based Lighting Design the most complete field resource on the market.
The papers in this volume comprise the refereed proceedings of the conference ' Artificial Intelligence in Theory and Practice' (IFIP AI 2008), which formed part of the 20th World Computer Congress of IFIP, the International Federation for Information Processing (WCC-2008), in Milan, Italy in September 2008. The conference is organised by the IFIP Technical Committee on Artificial Intelligence (Technical Committee 12) and its Working Group 12.5 (Artificial Intelligence Applications). All papers were reviewed by at least two members of our Program Committee. Final decisions were made by the Executive Program Committee, which comprised John Debenham (University of Technology, Sydney, Australia), Ilias Maglogiannis (University of Aegean, Samos, Greece), Eunika Mercier-Laurent (KIM, France) and myself. The best papers were selected for the conference, either as long papers (maximum 10 pages) or as short papers (maximum 5 pages) and are included in this volume. The international nature of IFIP is amply reflected in the large number of countries represented here. The conference also featured invited talks by Prof. Nikola Kasabov (Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand) and Prof. Lorenza Saitta (University of Piemonte Orientale, Italy). I should like to thank the conference chair, John Debenham for all his efforts and the members of our program committee for reviewing papers to a very tight deadline.
Twisted Delights: A Thrilling Short Story Anthology is a strange collection of ten short stories which include a homicidal hairdresser, a doomed werewolf love tale & an unforgettable meeting with the devil.
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