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Recent achievements in sunlight concentration techniques have increased the potential of solar power as a viable source of renewable energy. Through its critical analysis of current methods, Photovoltaic Conversion of Concentrated Sunlight provides a comprehensive treatment of the issues involved in the creation of an efficient and cost-effective sustainable power resource. The authors introduce significant new original research and offer an insight into previously inaccessible Russian studies. Logically structured, the text presents both theoretical and practical advances in the field. Features include:<br> * Discussion of fabrication problems for both terrestrial and space photovoltaic installations<br> * Investigation of the impact of resistive losses on the operation of solar cells and new procedures for measuring components of internal resistance<br> * Explanation of the semiconductor physics underlying photovoltaics<br> * Examination of the most efficient concentrator solar cell structures and materials plus exploration of ways to improve cell performance<br> * Original theoretical and experimental results on luminescence phenomena in concentrator cells<br> * Useful measurement techniques for the determination of diagnostic cell parameters<br> * Analysis of energy characteristics of photovoltaic installations with high and low concentration ratios<br> An invaluable asset to industrialists and academics concerned with semiconductors and photovoltaics, this book will also serve environmental scientists through its examination of the problems associated with large-scale use of this ecological technology.
Typically one third of the energy used in many buildings may be consumed by electric lighting. Good daylighting design can reduce electricity consumption for lighting and improve standards of visual comfort, health and amenity for the occupants.As the only comprehensive text on the subject written in the last decade, the book will be welcomed by all architects and building services engineers interested in good daylighting design. The book is based on the work of 25 experts from all parts of Europe who have collected, evaluated and developed the material under the auspices of the European Commission's Solar Energy and Energy Conservation R&D Programmes.
The majority of books dealing with prospects for interstellar flight tackle the problem of the propulsion systems that will be needed to send a craft on an interstellar trajectory. The proposed book looks at two other, equally important aspects of such space missions, and each forms half of this two part book.
Part 1 looks at the ways in which it is possible to exploit the focusing effect of the Sun as a gravitational lens for scientific missions to distances of 550 AU and beyond into interstellar space. The author explains the mechanism of the Sun as a gravitational lens, the scientific investigations which may be carried out along the way to a distance of 550 AU (and at the 550 AU sphere itself), the requirements for exiting the Solar System at the highest speed and a range of project ideas for missions entering interstellar space.
Part 2 of the book deals with the problems of communicating between an interstellar spaceship and the Earth, especially at very high speeds. Here the author assesses a range of mathematical tools relating to the Karhunen-LoÅ ve Transform (KLT) for optimal telecommunications, technical topics that may one day enable humans flying around the Galaxy to keep in contact with the Earth. This part of the book opens with a summary of the author's 2003 Pesek Lecture presented at the IAC in Bremen, which introduces the concept of KLT for engineers and 'newcomers' to the subject. It is planned to include a DVD containing the full mathematical derivations of the KLT for those interested in this important mathematical tool whilst the text itself will contain the various results without outlines of the mathematical proofs. Astronautical engineers will thus be able to see the application of the results without getting bogged down in the mathematics.
st The solar desalination workshop for the 21 century was sponsored by NATO program Security Through Science. In a great number of countries water scarcity, coupled with a significant growth in population especially in developing countries, poses the serious problem of supplying fresh water. The countries affected by water scarcity are found in the African, Asian, European and American continents, and also are on the southern and eastern coasts of the Mediterranean Sea. Severe drought usually generates a general malaise in populations which are already affected by a number of social and poverty problems, which often lead to significant and uncontrolled emigration towards richer countries, especially if one takes into account the increasing economic and lifestyle gap between north and south Mediterranean countries. Emigration could be contained if basic life needs were guaranteed to the population in their homelands, particularly potable water supply. Abundant solar energy combined with desalination could provide a sustainable source of potable water, but unfortunately, the optimum configuration for solar desalination that would provide inexpensive fresh water is difficult to reach. Further exhaustive research, field developments, and proper mobilization and coordination of funding, research and development is needed to achieve this goal.
A collection of poetry grouped under four themes - light, dark, silence, and birth.
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